The Elementary Multiperspective Material Ontology (EMMO)

EMMO is the result of a multidisciplinary effort within the EMMC, aimed at the development of a standard representational ontology framework based on current materials modelling and characterisation knowledge. Instead of starting from general upper-level concepts, as done by other ontologies, the EMMO development started from the very bottom level, using the actual picture of the physical world coming from applied sciences, and from physics and material sciences. 

The EMMO has grown from the bottom (i.e., scientific application field) to the top (i.e., conceptualisation), staying focused on the original scope while at the same time maintaining an approach as general as possible. The ontological framework has been built around concepts like elementary particles, wave-particle dualism, finiteness of space and time intervals coming from the perspective for experimental physics. The development of the middle and upper layers of the ontology has been functional to the respect of these low-level concepts, to facilitate the understanding of the high-level concepts to users with limited or no philosophical background. Harmonised documentation is crucial for communication and FAIR data. The materials modelling community has come up with a terminology, classification and standardised documentation of materials modelling and simulation.



It is released under a Creative Commons CC BY 4.0 license.

Literature and Ontologies related to EMMO


From Causation (and Parthood) to Time: The Case of EMMOF. A. Zaccarini, C. Masolo, E. Ghedini, and S. BorgoPaper2023DOI
Review and Alignment of Domain-Level Ontologies for Materials ScienceA. De Baas, P. Del Nostro, J. Friis, E. Ghedini, G. Goldbeck, I. M. Paponetti, A. Pozzi, A. Sarkar, L. Yang, F. A. Zaccarini, and D. TotiPaper2023pdf
Reliable and interoperable computational molecular engineering: 2. Semantic interoperability based on the European Materials and Modelling OntologyM. T. Horsch, S. Chiacchiera, Y. Bami, G. J Schmitz, G. Mogni, G. Goldbeck, and E. GhediniPaper2020pdf
A Practical Approach to Ontology-Based Data Modelling for Semantic Interoperability.T. Hagelien, H. Preisig, J. Friis, P. Klein, and N. KonchakovaConf Paper2020link
Mechanical Testing Ontology for Digital-Twins: a Roadmap Based on EMMO.J. F. Morgado, E. Ghedini, G. Goldbeck, A. Hashibon, G. J Schmitz, J. Friis, and A. F. de BaasConf Paper2020pdf
A Reference Language and Ontology for Materials Modelling and InteroperabilityG. Goldbeck, E. Ghedini, A. Hashibon, G. J. Schmitz, and J. Friis, Conf Paper2019ResearchGate
Ontologies for the Virtual Materials Marketplace.M. T. Horsch, S. Chiacchiera, M. A. Seaton, I. T. Todorov, K. Šindelka, M. Lísal, B. Andreon, E. Bayro Kaiser, G. Mogni, G. Goldbeck, R. Kunze, G. Summer, A. Fiseni, H. Brüning, P. Schiffels, and W. Leite Cavalcanti Paper2020DOI
OSMO: Ontology for simulation, modelling, and optimizationM. T. Horsch, D. Toti, S. Chiacchiera, M. A. Seaton, G. Goldbeck, and I. T. TodorovConf Paper2021pdf
CHAMEO: An ontology for the harmonisation of materials characterisation methodologiesP. Del Nostro, G. Goldbeck, and D. TotiPaper2022DOI
Modeling experts, knowledge providers and expertise in Materials Modeling: MAEO as an application ontology of EMMO’s ecosystem P. Del Nostro, G. Goldbeck, A. Pozzi, and D. TotiPaper2023DOI
Domain-specific metadata standardization in materials modellingM. T. Horsch, J. Francisco Morgado, G. Goldbeck, D. Iglezakis, N. A. Konchakova, B. SchemberaConf Paper2021pdf
MAEO: An Ontology for Modeling Agents, Experts and Expertise within an Open Online Materials Modeling MarketPlaceG. Goldbeck and D. TotiConf Paper2021pdf
The CHAMEO Ontology: Exploiting EMMO’s Multiperspective Versatility for Capturing Materials Characterization ProceduresP. Del Nostro, G. Goldbeck, and D. TotiConf Paper2022pdf
Bringing together materials and business ontologies for protective coatings.N. A. Konchakova, H. A. Preisig, C. Kavka, M. T. Horsch, P. Klein, and S. Belouettar Conf Paper2022zenodo
Introduction to the VIMMP ontologiesM. T. Horsch, S. Chiacchiera, M. A. Seaton, I. T. Todorov, D. Toti, and G. GoldbeckSoftware Documentation2021zenodo
Report on Workshop on Interoperability in Materials ModellingG. Goldbeck and A. SimperlerReport2018zenodo
Semantic data exchange ontologyE. Ghedini, A. Hashibon, and J. FriisProject Deliverable2022zenodo
Update recommendations for the Review of Materials Modelling, in particular regarding the reference architecture for metadata based semantic interoperability CreatorsE. GhediniProject Deliverable2019zenodo
EMMO's Theoretical FoundationsF. ZaccariniPoster2023zenodo
Application of an ontology based process model construction tool for active protective coatings: Corrosion inhibitor releaseP. Klein, H. A. Preisig, M. T. Horsch, and N. KonchakovaConf Paper2021zenodo
Aspects of data interoperability via ontologies in DOME4.0 and OntoCommons projectsS. ChiacchieraPoster2023zenodo
Semantic interoperability based on the European Materials and Modelling Ontology and its ontological paradigm: MereosemioticsM .T. Horsch, S. Chiacchiera, B. Schembera, M. A. Seaton, I. T. TodorovConf Paper2021zenodo
Fundamental philosophical commitments for Top-Level Ontologies.O. HoltzBlog2023zenodo
LCA Ontology: From ISO 14040 knowledge to EMMOI. M. PaponettiPoster2023zenodo
OntoCommons D2.2 - TLOMLO Landscape Analysis ReportL. A. Slaughter and J. OttenProject Deliverable2022zenodo
A report on the Workshop "Towards Materials and Manufacturing Commons - the enablers Digital Marketplaces, FAIR Principles and Ontologies"J. Francisco Morgado, S. Chiacchiera, Y. Le Franc, M. Poveda-Villalón, H. Karray, M. Gall, Y. Nahshon, D. Helm, Dirk, A. Simperler, and G. GoldbeckReport2023zenodo
OntoCommons D3.9 - Report on the first focused workshop on domain ontologiesS. ChiacchieraProject Deliverable2021zenodo The Ontology Repository for Materials ScienceA. ValdestilhasPoster2023zenodo
CHAMEO: Characterisation Methodology OntologyP. Del NostroPoster2023zenodo
Pragmatic Interoperability and Translation of Industrial Engineering Problems into Modelling and Simulation SolutionsM. T. Horsch, S. Chiacchiera, M. A. Seaton, I. T. Todorov, B. Schembera, P. Klein, and N. A. KonchakovaConf Paper2021zenodo
Toward a Unified Description of Battery Data.S. Clark, F. L. Bleken, S. Stier, E. Flores, C. Welzel Andersen, M. Marcinek, A. Szczesna-Chrzan, M. Gaberscek, M. Rosa Palacin, M. Uhrin, and J. FriisPaper2021DOI
Topology-Based Construction of Business-Integrated Material Modelling Workflows.H. A. Preisig, P. Klein, N. Konchakova, T. F. Hagelien, J. Friis, and M. T. HorschPaper2022DOI
Ontology-Based Battery Production Dataspace and Its Interweaving with Artificial Intelligence-Empowered Data AnalyticsS. P. Stier, X. Xu, L. Gold, and M. MöckelPaper2024DOI
Towards Enhancing Open Innovation Efficiency: A Method for Ontological Integration of BPMN and EMMOC. Feltus, D. Nicolas, C. Kavka, D. Khadraoui, S. Belouttar, N. Konchakova, H. A. Preisig, P. KleinConf Paper2023DOI
Synergizing ontologies and graph databases for highly flexible materials-to-device workflow representations.M. Dreger, M. J. Eslamibidgoli, M. H. Eikerling, and K. Malek Paper2023DOI
Toward semantic standard and process ontology for Additive manufacturingS. Gouttebroze, J. Friis, E. W. Hovig, and K. BoiviePaper2023pdf
MAMBO: a lightweight ontology for multiscale materials and applicationsF. Le Piane, M. Baldoni, M. Gaspari, and F. Mercuripaper2023pdf
DISO: A Domain Ontology for Modeling Dislocations in Crystalline Materials A. Zainul Ihsan, S. Fathalla, and S. Sandfeld paper2023pdf
Toward a Li-Ion Battery Ontology Covering Production and Material StructureM. Mutz, M. Perovic, P. Gümbel, V. Steinbauer, A. Taranovskyy, Y. Li, L. Beran, T. Käfer, K. Dröder, V. Knoblauch, A. Kwade, V. Presser, D. Werth, and T. Krauspaper2023DOI
Semantic Web and its Role in Facilitating ICT Data Sharing for the Circular Economy: An Ontology SurveyA. Kurteva, K. McMahon, A. Bozzon, and R. Balkenendepaper2023pdf
Translation Ontology of optimal Decision Making along a Distributed Production Chain by ExampleP. Klein, H. A. Preisig, N. KonchakovaPaper2023DOI
European standardization efforts from FAIR toward explainable-AI-ready data documentation in materials modellingM. T. Horsch, B. Schembera, H. A. Preisigpaper2023pdf
A Concise Ontological Model of Properties in the Quantum Cascade Laser DomainD. Kerre, A. Laurent, K. Maussang, and D. Owuorpaper2023pdf
A Survey of General Ontologies for the Cross-Industry Domain of Circular EconomyH. Li, M. Abd Nikooie Pour, Y. Li, M. Lindecrantz, E. Blomqvist, and P. LambrixConf Paper2023pdf
OntoSoC: An ontology-based approach to battery pack SoC estimationA. Eddine Hamouni, F. Giustozzi, A. Samet, A. Ayadi, S. Arbaoui, T. MesbahiConf Paper2023DOI
MSLE: An ontology for materials science laboratory equipment – Large-scale devices for materials characterizationM. Jalali, M. Mail, R. Aversa, C. Kübel Paper2023DOI

Shared metadata for data-centric materials science

L. M. Ghiringhelli, C. Baldauf, T. Bereau, S. Brockhauser, C. Carbogno, J. Chamanara, S. Cozzini, S. Curtarolo, C. Draxl, S. Dwaraknath, Á. Fekete, J. Kermode, C. T. Koch, M. Kühbach, A. Noe Ladines, P. Lambrix, M.-O. Himmer, S. V. Levchenko, M. Oliveira, A. Michalchuk, R. E. Miller, B. Onat, P. Pavone, G. Pizzi, B. Regler, G.-M. Rignanese, J. Schaarschmidt, M. Scheidgen, A. Schneidewind, T. Sheveleva, C. Su, D. Usvyat, O. Valsson, C. Wöll and M. Scheffler Paper2023DOI
Toward a digital materials mechanical testing labH. Beygi Nasrabadi, T. Hanke, M. Weber, M. Eisenbart, F. Bauer, R. Meissner, G. Dziwis, L. Tikana, Y. Chen, and B. Skrotzki Paper2023DOI

Materials characterisation and software tools as key enablers in Industry 5.0 and wider acceptance of new methods and products

G. Konstantopoulos, C. A. Charitidis, M. A. Bañares, R. Portela, N. Zangenberg, E. Capria, M. Sebastiani, G. Goldbeck, E. Koumoulos, B. Boskovic, S. Diplas, N. Konchakova, I. Todorov, D. Dykeman, S. G. Avataneo, M. Falzetti, E. Lozano Diz, J. J. Reinosa, E. Burov, D. Škrelić , N. Jeliazkova, B. Barton, G. Masotti, T. Tamarozzi, and I. Moya AlcónPaper2023DOI

Ontology-based semantic interoperability on the Virtual Materials Marketplace

M. T. Horsch, S. Chiacchiera, M. A. Seaton, I. T. Todorov, R. Kunze, G. Summer, A. Fiseni, B. Andreon, A. Scotto Di Minico, E. Bayro Kaiser, G. Kanagalingam, S. Stephan, K. Šindelka, M. Lísal, J. Díaz Brañas, I. Pagonabarraga, M. Chiricotto, J. D. Elliott, P. Carbone, D. Toti, and G. MogniConf Paper2020zenodo
H. Preisig, T. Hagelien, J. Friis, P. Klein, and N. KonchakovaConf Paper2020Scipedia
Ontology-Based Process Modelling-with Examples of Physical Topologies H. A. PreisigPaper2021DOI

Quantitative Mereology: An Essay to Derive Physics Laws from a Philosophical Concept

G. J. SchmitzPaper2019pdf

A data management perspective on building material classification: A systematic review

Julia Kaltenegger, Kirstine Meyer Frandsen, and Ekaterina PetrovaPaper2024DOI

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